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South Africans in Germany

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Pronouns are words that take the place of a noun.
Words like I, me, she, you, it, herself. Additionally, you get Relative and possessive pronouns
Relative pronouns: which, that, whose, whoever, whomever, who and whom, many

Pronoun in English Nominativ Akkusativ Dativ Possesiv pronomen
I Ich mich mir mein
You du dich dir dein
He, she, it er, sie, es ihn, sie, es ihm, ihr, ihm sein, ihr,sein
We wir uns uns unser
You (casual to a group) Afrikaans julle ihr euch euch euer
Afrikaans hulle
sie sie ihnen ihr
Formal Sie Sie Ihnen Ihr


A relative pronoun marks a type of subordinate clause called a relative clause while also modifying the referent in the main clause of a sentence.

An example is the word that in the sentence “This is the house that Jack built.” Here the relative pronoun that marked the relative clause “that Jack built,” which modifies the noun house in the main sentence. That has an anaphoric relationship to its antecedent “house” in the main clause. – Wikipedia

Das ist der Freund, der sehr gut Klavier spielt.(N) – That is the friend who plays good piano
Das ist der Freund, den ich im Urlaub kennen gelernt habe.(A)
Das ist der Freund, dem ich schon viel von dir erzählt habe.(D) That is the friend that told so much about you
Das ist der Freund, dessen Foto dir so gut gefallen hat.(G)

  M F N Plural
Nominativ der die das die
Akkusativ den die das die
Dativ dem der dem Den(en)
Genitiv Dessen Deren Dessen Deren

Possesiv pronomen

Indicates possesion. That is my cat. The girl brushes her hair.
The rules for the different Kasus are the same as for the indefinite article

Example: Mein

  M F N
Nominativ Mein Meine Mein
Akkusativ Meinen Meine Mein
Dativ Meinem Meiner Meinem
Genitiv Meines Meiner Meines

Related content


Verbs are actions or a state of being. An example of an Action is, I eat. An example of a state is, I am hungry

German Grammar and Language

Here are some links to German Grammar information.It is a compilation of information I gathered over time. I hope you find it useful. Please notify