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South Africans in Germany

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Housing in Germany

Types of Housing

  • Flat – Wohnung / Apartment.
  • Atlbauwohnung – An old building, that might be protected
  • Dachgeschosswohnung – penthouse but usually with slanted walls
  • Einliegerwohnung – Granny flat
  • Entangewohnung – Apartmentbuilding
  • Loft
  • Maisonette – duplex apartment
  • Penthouse
  • Souterrainwohnung – basement flat
  • Terrassenwohnung – must have a terrace
  • Wohngemeinschaften (WG) – Communal flat or house
  • House – Haus
  • Einfamilienhaus – Single-family house
  • Mehrfamilienhaus – Multifamily house
  • Furnished house (like Airbnb)

Vocabulary and Information

die WohnungThis could mean accommodation but mostly it means an apartment or flat
der Lebensraum
die Wohnfläche
der Wohnraum
The living space includes all the floor space of the rooms that belong exclusively to this apartment.  Immowelt has a very good explanation of how living space is calculated
das HausA house – can also mean home or domicile
das EinfamilienhausA free-standing residential building, typically for a single-family
das MehrfamilienhausMultiple separate housing units for residential inhabitants are contained within one building or several buildings within one complex. Units can be next to each other or stacked on top of each other
das ZimmerRoom.
die KücheKitchen.
Most properties (for rent as well) do not include a fitted kitchen and you will most
likely have to fit the cupboards, oven, fridge, etc.
You will have to look at the “Ausstattung”. If you want a place with a fitted kitchen look for one with an “Einbauküche”
Das BadezimmerBathroom.
Many bathrooms in apartments only have a shower or the shower is inside the bath
das WohnzimmerLiving room
der FlurCorridor, hallway
das TreppenhausStaircase
It can be a shared space
der HerdStove
die SpüleSink for washing up
die Garage / das StellplatzGarage or parking space
das GrundstückLand or plot
das EtageElevated floor
das ErdgeschossGround floor
1. Etage, 1. Stock, 1 ObergeschossFirst floor. It is the first elevated floor and not the ground floor

Resources on the web

  • – a really good source of current information from types of housing, to disputes with neighbours. Available in German.

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