Here is a short introduction to the structure of sentences. It will help you understand what is the difference between a subject, object, preposition, verb and articles
|Article||Artikel||Comes before a noun||Definite (Bestimmte) – The (Die Der Das)
Indefinite (Unbestimmte) – a/an (Ein, Eine, Einen..)
|Noun||Nomen||A noun is a word that names a person, place, thing, or idea||Car, house, girl
Always capitalised in German Auto, Haus
|Subject||Subjekt||Noun – The person or thing doing something|
|Object||Objekt||Noun – Having something done to it|
|Direct (Akkusativ)||The direct object is the receiver of the action
A direct object answers the question “what?” or “who?” In German Wen?
|Indirect (Dativ)||An indirect object answers the question “to whom?”, “for whom?” In German Wem?
|Pronouns||Pronomen||A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun.||I, me, he, she, herself, you, it, that, they, each, few, many, who, whoever, whose, someone, everybody|
|Possessive Pronouns||Possessivpronomen||Words we use to show possession.||Mine, yours, his|
|Verb||Verb||Action||Eat, love, paint, write|
|Adjective||Adjektiv||Describes the Noun or Pronoun||Blue , big, clean, old.
The young boy plays outside
|Adverb||Adverb||An adverb describes a verb or anything apart from a noun and pronoun. How? When? How much? How often? E.g. how does the boy sing||The boy sings loudly|
|Prepositions||Präpositionen||A preposition is a word or set of words that indicates location||In, near, beside, on top of, behind. with|