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South Africans in Germany

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German Grammar and Language

Here are some links to German Grammar information.
It is a compilation of information I gathered over time. I hope you find it useful. Please notify us if you find any errors.

Where to learn German

On this page you can find links to off-and online resources to learn German. There is also a list of Apps.

Learning German

You can learn German via online sites, with mobile apps, or by attending classes.Germany uses the European Language Framework to specify profenciecy  European Language Framework Online resources Goethe Deutsche Welle www.deutsch-uni.com www.alumniportal-deutschland.org Lingoda For small school going children – Scoyo Study in South Africa Goethe Institute Johannesburg The German Language &

Basic Grammar

Basic German Grammar

Here is a short introduction to the structure of sentences. It will help you understand what is the difference between a subject, object, preposition, verb and articles English

Kasus / Cases

Artikel

Gender

It would be best if you learned the gender of each new word (Noun) you learn in German. This is not always easy to do and we hope the list below will be of some help.  These lists give an indication of which article to use for some words e.g

Adjektivendung

In English it is just red, in German, it can be rote, roter, roten, rotes or rotem. This page has some tables and explanations to help you.

Adjektivendungen

Adjectives are descriptive words like young, old, beautiful etc. In German, adjectives change their endings depending on whether the person or thing you are referring to is masculine, feminine or neuter and whether singular or plural. It also depends on the case/kasus of the person or thing you are describing

Pronouns

Pronouns

Pronouns are words that take the place of a noun. Words like I, me, she, you, it, herself. Additionally, you get Relative and possessive pronounsRelative pronouns: which, that, whose, whoever, whomever, who and whom,

Verbs

Verbs

Verbs are actions or a state of being. An example of an Action is, I eat. An example of a state is, I am hungry or I have pain. In Afrikaans you would say “Ek eet” , “Ek is honger” or “ek het pyn” The verbs change their form depending on the Pronoun before the verb. These are words like I, me, she, you, it, they, and us. In English we use I am

Tips

  • A sentence can have a Subject, Direct Object, and Indirect Object. Also important is the Verb (action). Within one sentence you can have different Cases
  • The Subject is always in the Nominative Case.
  • The Direct Object (What/Who or Wen?) is mostly in the Accusative Case (may also depend on the Präposition or Verb).
  • The Indirect Object (To Whom? or Wem?) is mostly in the Dative Case (may also depend on the Präposition or Verb)
  • In a sentence with just a Subject and Direct object, the basic word order is Subject -Verb – Accusative (Der Mann (subject) isst den Apfel (direct object))
  • in a sentence with dative and accusative case the basic word order is: Subject-Verb-Dative-Accusative (Das Kind (subject) gibt der Mutter (indirect object) einen Kuss (direct object).  Of course, there is an exception when two pronouns are involved eg Ich schenke ihn ihr see more hereThe normal rule is Dative before accusative,  If both the dative and the accusative objects are pronouns, then accusative before dative