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South Africans in Germany

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Artikel – Bestimmt und Unbestimmt

An article is basically an adjective. Like adjectives, articles modify nouns. In English, there are two articles: the and a/an.

  • The is used to refer to specific or particular nouns
  • a/an is used to modify non-specific or non-particular nouns.

The is a definite article and a/an is an indefinite article.

In Afrikaans we use “die” and “‘n”

Bestimmte artikel / Definite article

In English we use “the” and in Afrikaans we use “die” 

Kasus (Case) Maskulinum (der) Femininum (die) Neutrum (das) Plural
Nominativ der die das die
Akkusativ den die das die
Dativ dem der dem den
Genitiv Des (-s, -es) der des(-s, -es) der

In Genitiv, the Nomen gets an s or es at the end for Maskulinum and Neutrum e.g. Der Hund des Mannes


It would be best if you learned the gender of each new word (Noun) you learn in German. This is not always easy to do and we hope the list below will be of some help.  These lists give an indication of which article to use for some words e.g all Months are masculine (der) and most words ending in “e” are feminine (die).

Unbestimte artikel/ Indefinite article

English –  a(n)
In German, the word “a” is “ein”.
The ending will change depending on gender and also on the case of the sentence
Also applies to Mein, Dein, Sein, Kein

Kasus (Case) Maskulinum (der) Femininum (die) Neutrum (das)
Nominativ ein eine ein
Akkusativ einen eine ein
Dativ einem einer einem
Genitiv eines einer eines

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German Grammar and Language

Here are some links to German Grammar information.It is a compilation of information I gathered over time. I hope you find it useful. Please notify