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South Africans in Germany

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German Grammar and Language

Here are some links to German Grammar information.
It is a compilation of information I gathered over time. I hope you find it useful. Please notify us if you find any errors.

Where to learn German

On this page, you can find links to off-and online resources to learn German. There is also a list of Apps.

Basic Grammar

Not sure what a Subject, Object or Pronoun is. Have a look at our basic grammar page to get a good overview.

Kasus / Cases

Artikel

Adjektivendung

In English it is just red, in German, it can be rote, roter, roten, rotes or rotem. This page has some tables and explanations to help you.

Pronouns

All the pronouns in a table

Verbs

Verbs, Werk woorde,  Verben
All you need to know about Verbs

Tips

  • A sentence can have a Subject, Direct Object, and Indirect Object. Also important is the Verb (action). Within one sentence you can have different Cases
  • The Subject is always in the Nominative Case.
  • The Direct Object (What/Who or Wen?) is mostly in the Accusative Case (may also depend on the Präposition or Verb).
  • The Indirect Object (To Whom? or Wem?) is mostly in the Dative Case (may also depend on the Präposition or Verb)
  • In a sentence with just a Subject and Direct object, the basic word order is Subject -Verb – Accusative (Der Mann (subject) isst den Apfel (direct object))
  • in a sentence with dative and accusative case the basic word order is: Subject-Verb-Dative-Accusative (Das Kind (subject) gibt der Mutter (indirect object) einen Kuss (direct object).  Of course, there is an exception when two pronouns are involved eg Ich schenke ihn ihr see more hereThe normal rule is Dative before accusative,  If both the dative and the accusative objects are pronouns, then accusative before dative